Human trafficking is a lucrative criminal business involving the exploitation of men, women and children for monetary gain or benefit. It is a grave violation of human rights affecting the lives of millions of people around the world, and depriving them of their rights and dignity.
Victims range from labourers in sectors such as construction, mining, fishing, agriculture, hospitality industry and tourism, to sex workers, beggars and child soldiers.
Human trafficking can take place ‘underground’, in illegal markets or industries that cater to criminal activity, but it also occurs within legitimate settings such as hotels and supermarkets.
Trafficking does not necessarily involve migration or movement. It happens everywhere; no country is immune.